When the veins in the legs are unable to return all the blood to the heart effectively, it results in a loss of speed in the movement of the blood and causes stagnation. This anomaly is known as venous insufficiency and manifests itself with symptoms such as aching, heavy legs, cramps, spider veins, ankle-swelling or varicose ulcers. If this venous insufficiency is not treated, it can cause severe problems such as ulcers (large varicose veins), eczema (small varicose veins), vein pigmentation, blood clots and phlebitis.
When there is an increase of small veins and variculas, they are made very visible due to the transparency of the skin. These venous “channels”, that normally affect face, legs and hands are unsightly, creating self-consciousness and causing the patient to attempt to hide or conceal the affected areas. This can affect the patient’s general social habits by limiting outdoor activities, causing them to wear clothes that hide the lesions and requiring the use of correction makeup (although this is not always successful) and other limiting factors.
It is not required
It is not required
Sclerotherapy is used in these cases, either as a treatment or as prevention against an early lesion. This technique consists of injecting a gentle chemical solution in the affected vessel, making it disappear. Once this is achieved, the circulation is diverted towards a healthy vein, re-establishing normal blood flow.
Before treatment, the patient´s circulation is assessed, the affected areas are located, photosensitivity studies are carried out and the fragility of the veins is treated.
According to the quality of the affected veins one of the following treatments can be applied:
- Microsclerosis: useful in veins under 3mm in diameter.
- Cryosclerosis: used in veins over 3mm in diameter.
The number of sessions varies depending on the specific characteristics of each case, the number of veins affected, their quality, the time taken to heal and the degree of aesthetic perfection required.
After the injections, the leg is wrapped in an elastic bandage for 12 to 24 hours. Afterwards it is advisable to use surgical stockings for some time, depending on each case. Moisturizing, sunscreens and anti-thrombosis creams are also used.
Patients can resume normal activity immediately.
Results are excellent as, once the lesions have disappeared, the skin is lighter, more luminous and homogeneous. Hands look younger and firmer and legs can be shown again with a natural, healthy appearance.
Sclerotherapy does not need hospitalisation. It is an outpatient procedure.