Sleep Disorder Treatment
Best therapies for comfortable sleep
We spend a third of our lives asleep. It has been established that we need seven to eight hours on average per day for our sleep to be restorative but sometimes we do not manage to sleep this long or the quality of sleep is inadequate. In this case we are dealing with sleep disorders, which can affect quality of life. Sleep disorders can trigger mood swings and in some cases they are a risk factor for cardiovascular and brain diseases.
At Clínica Planas, we take the patient’s full medical history and analyse the sleep disorder on an individual basis, using specific tests in order to determine the correct diagnoses.
It is vital to analyse the number of hours of sleep and/or whether the patient works at night or has frequent changes in their working schedule, since sometimes this can cause tiredness and a feeling of not having had enough sleep. However, sometimes the patient clearly describes symptoms such as a difficulty in falling asleep and /or maintaining sleep, sometimes due to work or personal stress. In these cases, we are dealing an insomnia disease.
In order to diagnose sleep disorders, besides taking the medical history, the patient should undergo a complete night of observation via polysomnography or a respirative polygraph.
Respirative polygraph: A respirative polygraph test is used to register whether the patient suffers apnoeas and additional oxygen desaturations (pulse oxymetry) or snoring. A respirative polygraph can also register the breathing process so as to distinguish between obstructive and central sleep apnoeas.
Complete polysomnography: If we need to register sleep quality and also evaluate whether leg movement is also occurring, we take a complete polysomnography. This involves a respirative polygraph along with additional monitoring of other body functions including muscle or skeletal muscle activation, brain activity, eye movements and electromyography (jaw activity).
Both tests are non-invasive and painless. They are carried out at night, so patients are usually hospitalized in the evening and discharged the following morning.